Rev 12/29/2020

  Classification Biology and Ecology
Morphology and Anatomy Life Cycle
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      Bunonema  Jagerskold, 1905

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Morphology and Anatomy:


Drawing of Bunonema by N.A. Cobb.  Bunonema richtersi (drawing from Titjakova, 2000)
Anterior region showing head setae and tubercules.

Photo by Tianna Dupont.


Body size range for the species of this genus in the database - Click:
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Often found in decomposing litter  at the soil surface.

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Biology and Ecology:

 Many nematode species of the Bunonematoidea appear to have phoretic relationships with insects, particularly insects in the order Coleoptera and family Scarabaeidae. The type of phoresy may be interpreted from the insect body parts invaded by the nematodes and the elaborate cuticular ornamentations and extracuticular deposits of the nematodes that apparently aid their survival in the stressful environments of the insect body (Nazir et al., 2019). 

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Life Cycle:

For Ecophysiological Parameters for this genus, click 
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Ecosystem Functions and Services:


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Jagerskiold,  L. 1905. Ein eigent�mlicher neue Landnematode aus dem Schwarzwald, von Kerguelen und Possession Island (Crozet Inseln).  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 1905


Tirjakova, E. 2000.  V�skyt druhu Bunonema richtersi J�gerski�ld, 1905 (Nematoda, Bunonematidae) na niektor�ch lokalit�ch Mal�ch Karp�t. Folia faunistica Slovaca 5: 55-59

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Copyright © 1999 by Howard Ferris.
Revised: December 29, 2020.