Order Monhysterida

Rev. 09/12/19

Monhysterida De Coninck & Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1993

Key to Superfamilies

 

Classification and Taxa

Phylum Nematoda

Class Chromadorea

Sub-class Chromadoria

Order Monhysterida De Coninck & Schuurmans-Stekhoven, 1933

Suborder Monhysterina

Superfamily:      Monhysteroidea

                Family: Monhysteridae de Man, 1876

Genera:         Amphimonhystrella Timm, 1961

Anguimonhystera Andrássy, 1981

Cryonema Tchesunov, 1995

Diplolaimella Allgén, 1929

Diplolaimelloides Meyl, 1954

Eumonhystera Andrássy, 1981

Eumonhystera Andrássy, 1981

Gammarinema Kinne & Gerlach, 1953

Geomonhystera Andrássy, 1981

Halomonhystera Andrássy, 2006

Hieminema Tchesunov & Portnova, 2005

Monhystera Bastian, 1865

Monhystrella Cobb, 1918

Monhystrium Cobb, 1920

Odontobius de Vauzème, 1834

Pseudotheristus Wieser, 1956

Ptycolaimellus Cobb, 1920

Sinanema Andrássy, 1960

Sitadevinema Khera, 1970

Thalassomonhystera Jacobs, 1987

Tridentulus Eyualem & Coomans, 1965-

Tripylium Cobb, 1920

Tubolaimus Allgén, 192

 

Superfamily: Sphaerolaimiodea

        Family: Sphaerolaimidae Filipjev, 191

Genera:               Sphaerolaimus Bastian, 1865

Hoffmaenneria Gerlach & Meyl, 1957

Metasphaerolaimus Gourbault & Boucher, 1981

Parasphaerolaimus Ditlevsen, 1919

Doliolaimus Lorenzen, 1966

Subsphaerolaimus

Ceratosphaerolaimus Fadeeva, 1983

     Family: Xyalidae Chitwood, 1951

 Genera:                  Ammotheristus Lorenzen, 1977

Amphimonhystera Allgén, 1929

Amphimonhystrella Timm, 1961

Capsula Bussau, 1993

Cienfuegia Armenteros, Vincx & Decraemer, 2009

Cobbia de Man, 1907

Corononema Nicholas & Stewart, 1995

Cylindrotheristus Wieser, 1956

Dactylaimoides Blome, 2002

Daptonema Cobb, 1920

Echinotheristus Thun & Riemann, 1967

Elzalia Gerlach, 1957

Enchonema Bussau, 1993

Filipjeva Ditlevsen, 1928

Gnomoxyala Lorenzen, 1977

Gonionchus Cobb, 1920

Guitartia Armenteros, Vincx & Decraemer, 2010

Gullanema Nicholas & Stewart, 1995

Hofmaenneria Gerlach & Meyl, 1957

Lamyronema Leduc, 2015

Linhystera Juario, 1974

Manganonema Bussau, 1993

Marisalbinema Tchesunov, 1990

Mesotheristus Wieser, 1956

Metadesmolaimus Schuurmans-Stekhoven, 1935

Mongolotheristus Tsalolikhin, 1985

Omicronema Cobb, 1920

Paragonionchus Blome, 2002

Paramonohystera Steiner, 1916

Paramphimonhystrella Huang & Zhang, 2006

Parelzalia Tchesunov, 1990

Penzancia de Man, 1889

Promonhystera Wieser, 1956

Prorhynchonema Gourbault, 1982

Pseudechinotheristus Blome, 2002

Pseudosteineria Wieser, 1956

Retrotheristus Lorenzen, 1977

Rhynchonema Cobb, 1920

Robustnema Nicholas, 1996

Sacrimarinema Shoshin, 2001

Scaptrella Cobb, 1917

Sphaerotheristus Timm, 1968

Spiramphinema Wieser, 1956

Steineria Mickoletzky, 1921

Stylotheristus Lorenzen, 1977

Theristus Bastian, 1865

Trichotheristus Wieser, 1956

Valvaelaimus Lorenzen, 1977

Xenolaimus Cobb, 1920

Xyala Cobb, 1920

Zygonemella Cobb, 1920

Suborder Linhomoeina

 Superfamily: Siphonolaimoidea Filipjev, 1918

     Family: Siphonolaimidae Filipjev, 1918

        Genera:                                               Astomonema Ott, Rieger, Rieger & Enderes, 1982

    Cyartonema Cobb, 1920

                                                                        Paraterschellingia (Kreis, 1924)

                                                                        Parastomonema Kito, 1989

                                                                        Siphonolaimus de Man, 1893

                                                                        Solenolaimus Cobb, 1894

                                                                        Southernia Allgén, 1929

 Family: Linhomoeidae Filipjev, 1922

Genera:                               Allgenia Strand, 1934

Anticyathis Cobb, 1920

Anticyclus Cobb, 1920

Aponcholaimus Allgén, 1957

Bathylaimella Allgén, 1930

Boreomicrolaimoides Ditlevsen, 1918

Chloronemella Allgén, 1929

Coninckia Gerlach, 1956

Cryptolaimus Cobb, 1933

Dentatonmea Kreis, 1928

Desmolaimoides Jensen, 1986

Desmolaimus de Man, 1880

Didelta Cobb, 1920

Disconema Filipjev, 1918

Dispira Cobb, 1933

Dispirella Cobb, 1933

Eleutherolaimus Filipjev, 1922

Eulinhomoeus de Man, 1907

Eumorpholaimus Schulz, 1932

Filipjeviella Allgén, 1935

Grahamia Allgén, 1959

Halicylindrolaimus Allgén, 1959

Halinema Cobb, 1920

Heterocyatholaimus Allgén, 1935

Linhomoella Cobb, 1920

Linhomoeus Bastian, 1865

Megadesmolaimus Wieser, 1954

Metalaimus Kreis, 1928

Metalinhomoeus de Man, 1907

Micracanthonchus Allgén, 1959

Monhysteroides Timm, 1961

Nijhoffia Allgén, 1935

Paraegialoalaimus Allgén, 1934

Paralinhomoeus de Man, 1907

Perilinhomoeus Schuurmans Stekhoven, 1950

Prolinhomoeus Timm, 1961

Prosphaerolaimus Filipjev, 1918

Pseudoterschellingia Armenteros, Vincx & Decraemer, 2009

Sarsonia Gerlach, 1967

Sphaerocephalum Filipjev, 1918

Spirina Gerlach, 1963

Terschellingia de Man, 1888

Terschellingioides Timm, 1967

Thelonema Bussau, 1993

Tubolaimoides Allgén, 1934

 

Family: Fusivermidae Tchesunov, 1996

Genera:                         Fusivermis Tchesunov, 1996

 

 

References

Andrassy, I. 2005.  Free-living Nematodes of Hungary I. Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest.

Coomans, A. and Eyualem-Abebe 2006.  Order Monhysterida. Pp 574-603 in Eyualem-Abebe, Traunspurger, W., Andrássy, I. (eds) Freshwater nematodes: ecology and taxonomy.

Jacobs, L.J. 1987.  A Checklist of the Monhysteridae (Nematode, Monhysterida).  Rand Afrikaans University, Johannesburg. 186 p.

Leduc, D. 2015. One new genus and five new nematode species (Monhysterida, Xyalidae) from Tonga and Kermadec Trenches, Southwest Pacific. Zootaxa 3964 (5): 501525.

Tchesunov, A.V. 1996. A new nematode family Fusivermidae fam.n. (Monhysterida) for Fusivermis fertilis gen. n., sp. n. from the White Sea.  Nematologica 42:35-41.

Venekey, V., Gheller, P.F., Maria, T.F., Brustolin, M.C., Kandratavicius, N., Vieira, D.C., Brito, S., Souza, G.S. & Fonseca, G. 2014. The state of the art of Xyalidae (Nematoda, Monhysterida) with reference to the Brazilian records. Mar Biodiv 44:36739

 

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