A family of intestinal parasites of vertebrates - hookworms
Hookworms are considered one of the most common groups of
soil-transmitted nematode parasites of vertebrates.
causing serious iron-deficiency anemia and protein malnutrition in
humans and domestic and wild mammals.
Two of the major genera,
are responsible for considerable morbidity and socioeconomic burdens in
Of these two genera,
are considered to be of greater medical and veterinary importance
because of distribution, prevalence, and the abundance of zoonotic
The human-infecting ‘anthrophilic’ hookworm is
represnted by Ancylostoma
Many other species are considered ‘anthropozoonotic’
forms, capable of infecting and circulating among free-ranging wild
hosts, some domestic hosts and humans. They include Ancylostoma
de Faria, 1910 and Ancylostoma
About 35 other species of Ancylostoma represent
the considerable diversity of the genus and are considered to be
primarily of veterinary importance. Many host species are carnivores
(Xie et al., 2017).
Xie, Y., Hoberg, E.P., Yang, Z., Urban Jr, J.F. and Yang, G. 2017.
Ancylostoma ailuropodae n. sp.
(Nematoda: Ancylostomatidae), a new hookworm parasite isolated from wild giant
pandas in Southwest China. Parasites and Vectors 10:217.
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