Family Carnoyidae

Revised 03/09/23

Carnoyidae Hunt & Spiridonov, 2001
In recent taxonomiies, based almost entirely on morphological characters, the Carnoyidae is classified as a family within the infrorder Rhigonematomorpha. The Rhigonematomorpha is considered to consist of two superfamilies, each consisting of three families:

  • Superfamily Rhigonematoidea
  • Rhigonematidae
  • Ichthyocephalidae
  • Xustromatidae
  •  Superfamily Ransomnematoidea
  • Carnoyidae
  • Hethidae
  • Ransomnematidae



    Adamson, M.L. 1983.The genus Ransomnema Artigas, 1926 (Rhigonematidae) in South American diplopods. Systematic Parasitol. 5: 119-129.

    Adamson, M.L., Vanwaerebeke. D. 1985. The Rhigonematida (Nematoda) of Diplopods : reclassification and its cladistic representation. Ann. Parasitol. Hum. Comp. 60:685-702..

    Adamson, M.L. 1983. .Redescriptions of five species of Heth Cobb, 1898 (Rhigonematidae: Nematoda) from South American diplopods. Systematic Parasitology 5:185-202

    Hunt, D.J. 1994. A synopsis of the Hethidae (Nematoda: Rhigonematida) with descriptions of five new species of Heth Cobb, 1898 from diplopods from Papua New Guinea. Russian J. Nematology 2:15-31.

    Hunt, D.J. 2002. The African Carnoyidae (Nematoda: Rhigonematida). 4. Abirovulva insolita gen. n., sp. n., parasite of Coromus thomsoni (Polydesmida: Oxydesmidae) from Ivory Coast. Nematology 4:429-439.

    Hunt, D.J., Sutherland, J.A. 1984. Ichthyocephaloides dasyacanthus n.g., n.sp. (Nematoda: Rhigonematoidea) from a millipede from Papua New Guinea. Systematic Parasitology 6:141-146.

    Hunt, D.J. Luc, P.V., Spiridov, S.E. 2002. Bizarre Ichthyocephalidae (Nematoda: Rhigonematida) from Vietnam with description of Ichthyocephaloides comatus sp. n., Xystrognathus priscus gen. n., sp. n. and X. phrissus gen. n., sp. n.. Nematology 4:829-843.

    Zhang, Y., Wang, L-D, Hasgawa, K., Nagae, S., Chen, H-X, Li L-W., Li, L. 2022. Parasites & Vectors 15:427


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