Heterodera filipjevi




Rev 10/16/2023

Filipjev's Cereal Cyast Nematode Classification Hosts
Morphology and Anatomy Life Cycle
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           Heterodera filipjevi (Madzhidov, 1981) Stelter, 1984

A member of the Avenae group of Heterodera spp.


    Bidera filipjevi Madzhidov, 1981

Review general characteristics of the genus Heterodera.

Cereal crops in the Republic of Tajikistan were found to be heavily infested by a cyst nematode during a 1978-1979 survey. The nematode was morphologically similar to Heterodera avenae but differed in some morphometric characters and the presence of an underbridge.  Madzhidov (1981) described the species as Bidera. filipjevi which was later moved by Stelter (1984) to the genus Heterodera. Subsequent morphological and biochemical comparisons of Heterodera populations from the former USSR, previously identified as H. avenae, revealed that most were conspecific with H. filipjevi.

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Morphology and Anatomy:

General Characteristics of the Avenae Group of Heterodera

Cysts lemon-shaped
Bullae well-developed
Underbridge absent or present
Vulval slit short
J2 incisures 4
Monocotyledonous hosts

(Handoo and Subbotin, 2018; Subbotin et al., 2018)



Reported median body size for this species (Length mm; width micrometers; weight micrograms) - Click:

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Besides Tajikistan, Heterodera filipjevi is reported from the Slovak Republic,Turkey, Iran, Syria; Estonia, Italy, Norway, Poland, Germany, USA, China and India (Renco et al., 2018).

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Economic Importance:

Considered an important pest of cereals worldwide (Renco et al., 2018).  Grain losses of 42% reported in Turkey (Nicol et al. 2006)

10-40% yield reduction from all cereal cyst nematodes (H. avenae and H. filipjevi) in China (Cui et al., 2020).

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Many hosts in nature are monocotyledons.
For an extensive host range list for this species, click


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Life Cycle:

Ecophysiological Parameters:

For Ecophysiological Parameters for this species, click If species level data are not available, click for genus level parameters


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Host Plant Resistance, Non-hosts and Crop Rotation alternatives:

Many wheat cultivars are susceptible to Heterodera filipjevi, but cultivars Bam and Behrang have useful levels of resistance (Moatamedi et al., 2018).

For plants reported to have some level of resistance to this species, click



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Cui, J., Jiao, Y., Zhou, B., Ren, H., Li, H., Liu, S., Jiang, S., Meng, H., Li, M., Dababat, A.A., Peng, D. 2020. Pathotype resistance,classification, and seed-coating control of Heterodera avenae and H. filipjevi in the North China Plain. Plant Disease 104:3230-3238.

Madzhidov, A.R. (1981). [New species of Bidera filipjevi sp. nov. (Heteroderina: Tylenchida) from Tadzhikistan.] Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Tadzhikskoi SSR Otdelenie Biologicheskikh Nauk 2, 40-44.

Moatamedi, M., E. Bazgir, M.N. Esfahani and M. Darvishnia. 2018. Genetic variation of bread wheat accessions in response to the cereal cyst nematode, Heterodera filipjevi. Nematology 20:859-875.

Nicol, J.M. 2006. Phytopathology 96:S169.

Renčo, M., Cerm�k, V., Tom�nkov, K. and Majesk Čudejkov�,, M. 2018. Morphological and molecular characterisation of Heterodera filipjevi (Madzhidov, 1981) from the Slovak Republic. Nematology 20:253-264.

Stelter, H. 1984. Die Arten der Unterfamilie Heteroderinae (Nematoda : Heteroderidae) und ihre Verbreitung. Akademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften der DDR  Berlin. 56pp.

Handoo, Z.A., Subbotin, S.A. 2018. Taxonomy, identification and principal species. Chapter 15 in Perry, R.N. Moens, M., and Jones, J.T.(eds)  Cyst Nematodes. CAB International.

Subbotin, S,A., Mundo-Ocampo, M., Baldwin, J.G. 2010. Systematics of Cyst Nematodes (Nematode: Heteroderinae). Nematology Monographs and Perspectives Volume 8B, D.J. Hunt and R.N. Perry (eds) Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands 512p

Subbotin, S.A., Toumi, F., Elekcioglu, I.H., Waeyenbridge, L., Maafi, Z.T. 2018. DNA barcoding, phylogeny and phylogeography of the cyst nematode species of the Avenae group from the genus Heterodera (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae) Nematology 20:671-702.





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