Heterodera axonopi




Rev 10/17/2023

Carpet Grass Cyst Nematode Classification Hosts
Morphology and Anatomy Life Cycle
Return to Atalodera Menu Economic Importance Damage
Distribution Management
Return to Heteroderidae Menu Feeding  References
    Go to Nemaplex Main Menu   Go to Dictionary of Terminology




Heterodera axonopi (Souza, 1996) Mundo-Ocampo, Troccoli, Subbotin, Cid, Baldwin & Inserra, 2008.

A mwmber of the  Afenestrata group of Heterodera  spp.

   Afenestrata axonopi Souza, 1996   

Back to Top

Morphology and Anatomy:

General Characteristics of the Afenestrata Group of Heterodera

Cysts lemon-shaped to rounded
Fenestration absent
Bullae absent
Underbridge weak or absent
Vulval slit long
J2 incisures 3 or 4
Monocotyledonous hosts

(Handoo and Subbotin, 2018; Subbotin et al., 2010, Subbotin et al. 2023)




  • Cyst stage present.  


  • Not found


Reported median body size for this species (Length mm; width micrometers; weight micrograms) - Click:

Back to Top


Described from the roots of carpet grass in Brazil.


Back to Top

Economic Importance:


Back to Top


Nurse cell system: A multinucleate syncytium.


Back to Top


Hosts of the Afenestrata group of Heterodera spp. are usually monocotyledonous plants.  Carpet grass.

For an extensive host range list for this species, click

Back to Top

Life Cycle:

Ecophysiological Parameters:

For Ecophysiological Parameters for this species, click If species level data are not available, click for genus level parameters


Back to Top



Back to Top


Host Plant Resistance, Non-hosts and Crop Rotation alternatives:

For plants reported to have some level of resistance to this species, click


Back to Top


Handoo, Z.A., Subbotin, S.A. 2018. Taxonomy, identification and principal species. Chapter 15 in Perry, R.N. Moens, M., and Jones, J.T.(eds)  Cyst Nematodes. CAB International.

Mundo-Ocampo, M., Troccoli, A., Subbotin, S.A., Cid, J.D., Baldwin, J.G., Inserra, R.N. 2008. Synonymy of Afenestrata with Heterodera supported by phylogenetics with molecular and morphological characterisation of H. koreana comb. n. and H. orientalis comb. n. (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae). Nematology 10:611-632.

Subbotin, S,A., Mundo-Ocampo, M., Baldwin, J.G. 2010. Systematics of Cyst Nematodes (Nematode: Heteroderinae). Nematology Monographs and Perspectives Volume 8B, D.J. Hunt and R.N. Perry (eds) Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands 512p

Subbotin, S.A., Roubtsova, T.V., Bostock, R.M., Maafi, Z.T., Chizhov, V.N., Palomares-Rius, J.E., Pablo Castillo, P. 2023. DNA barcoding, phylogeny and phylogeography of the cyst nematode species of the Schachtii group from the genus Heterodera (Tylenchida: Heteroderidae). Nematology (in press).



Back to Top

For more information about nematodes, Go to Nemaplex Main Menu.
Copyright © 1999 by Howard Ferris.
Revised: October 17, 2023.