Xiphinema rivesi is a member of the X. americanum group
of morphologically very similar species.
Xiphinema rivesi is damaging to citrus in
Egypt, Pakistan and Iran,. Reported from grape in France, Spain, Portugal,
Canada, USA (Washington State).
Also reported from apple, peach, raspberry, walnut) oak, hackberry,
alfalfa, corn, cottonwood and potato in the United States (Wojtowicz et al.,
1982; Hafez et al., 1992; Handoo et al., 2015).
Xiphinema rivesi is
a vector of at least four North American nepoviruses including Cherry
rasp leaf virus (CRLV), Tobacco
ringspot virus (TobRSV), Tomato
ringspot virus (TomRSV),
rosette mosaic virus (PRMV)
(Auger et al., 2009).
Feeds at root tips causing swelling, stunting, and destruction of tips.
Host Plant Resistance, Non-hosts
Auger, J., Leal, G., Magunacelaya, J.C. and Esterio, M. 3009.
rivesi from Chile Transmits Tomato
ringspot virus to Cucumber. Plant
Hafez, S.L., Golden, A.M., Rashid, F. & Handoo, Z.A. 1992.
Plant-parasitic nematodes associated with crops in Idaho and eastern Oregon.
Nematropica 22, 193- 204
Handoo, Z.A., I.K.A. Ibrahim, , D.J. Chitwood and A.A. Mokbel. 2015.
First report of Xiphinema rivesi Dalmasso, 1969 on citrus in northern Egypt.
Pakistan J. Nematology 33:161-165.
Wojtowicz, M.R., Golden, A.M., Forer, L.B. & Stouffer, R.F. 1982.
Morphological comparison between Xiphinema rivesi Dalmasso and X. americanum
Cobb populations from the eastern United States. Journal of Nematology 14,