Reported median body size for this species (Length mm; width micrometers; weight micrograms) - Click:
Reported from Canada, Japan, Korea, United States (Arkansas, Florida,
Georgia, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina).
in California Nematode Pest Rating System.
Feeds at root tips causing swelling, stunting, and destruction of tips.
Can cause extensive damage to strawberry roots.
Plant symptoms in response to feeding by X. chambersi are like
those caused by other migratory ectoparasitic root-feeding nematodes.
Poor growth and/or stunting of the plant, yellowing, or wilting of the
foliage, and damaged/reduced root systems, including root necrosis, lack of
feeder or secondary roots, and occasional tufts of stubby rootlets.
Xiphinema chambersi is often found feeding on woody plants and grasses,
including forest trees where, at high densities, they can cause an
economically significant level of damage (Ruehle, 1971; CABI CPC, 2022).
As of 2022, Xiphinema chambersi has not been reported as a
vector of plant viriuses.
Host Plant Resistance, Non-hosts
CABI Crop Production Compendium 2022. Xiphinema chambersi.
https://www.cabi.org/cpc/datasheet/118742 Accessed 2/1/2022.
Chitambar, J. J., Westerdahl, B. B., and Subbotin, S. A. 2018.
Plant Parasitic Nematodes in California Agriculture. In Subbotin, S.,
Chitambar J., (eds) Plant Parasitic Nematodes in Sustainable Agriculture of
North America. Sustainability in Plant and Crop Protection. Springer, Cham.
Lamberti, F., De Luca, F., Molinari, S., Duncan, L.W., Agostinelli, A.,
Coiro, M.I., Dunn, D. and Radicci, V., 2002. Xiphinema chambersi and
Xiphinema naturale sp. n., two monodelphic longidorids (Nematoda,
Dorylaimida) from Florida. Nematologia Mediterranea 30:3-10..
Ruehle, J.L., 1972. Pathogenicity of Xiphinema chambersi on sweetgum.
Phytopathology, 62(3), pp.333-335.
Scheck, H.J. 2022. California Pest Rating Proposal for Xiphinema
chambersi Thorne, 1939, Chambers' Dagger Nematode. CDFA, Sacramento.