Family NEOTYLENCHIDAE

                                    Rev 01/18/2020

Classification:

      Tylenchida
       Tylenchina
        Tylenchoidea
         Neotylenchidae Thorne, 1941
    Synonyms:
     

Morphology and Anatomy:

Usually slender, elongate, small species. 

Sexes similar. 

Stylet usually small, delicate. 

Esophagus with slender procorpus, median bulb and isthmus absent. Esophageal glands as long lobes free in the body cavity.

Esophago-intestinal junction close to nerve ring.

One female genital branch, anteriorly developed. 

Tail long, conoid to filiform

 

Key to Neotylenchidae based on non-entomophagous forms (from Yu et al., 2018)

1. Juveniles and adults obese……….……………… …………………….Fergusobia

    Juveniles and young adults not obese, mature adults obese………………Delatylus

    Juveniles and adults not obese……………… ………………………………….2

2. Males without bursa or gubernaculum………… ……………………….Gymnotylenchus

    Males if present with bursa and gubernaculum…..………………...…………….3

3. Spermatheca present in female. ……………… ………………………………4

     Female without spermatheca…………………… ……………… ……..Hexatylus

4. Vulva position over 93% ……………………… …………………..….Deladenus

    Vulva position between 83.3 and 92.5%………… ……………….……Rubzovinema

ife Cycle:

Some species have alternative life cycles, one as insect parasitic nematodes and another that feeds on fungi, algae, or root hairs of higher plants. Examples: Fergusobia, Deladenus (Siddiqi, 2000; Yeates et al., 1993).

References:

Siddiqi, M. R. 2000. Tylenchida: Parasites of plants and insects, 2nd ed. Wallingford: CABI Publishing.

Yeates, G.W., T. Bongers, R.G.M. de Goede, D.W.Freckman and S.S. Georgieva. 1993. Feeding habits in soil nematode families - an outline for ecologists. Journal of Nematology 25:315-331. 

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