Belonolaimus maluceroi




Rev 01/29/21

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          Belonolaimus maluceroi Cid del Prado Vera & Subbotin, 2012


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Morphology and Anatomy:

  • Body cylindroid, tapering anteriorly and posterior to the anus.
  •  Conspicuous annulations in the anterior and mid-body, reducing in width on the tail.
  • Lateral field with one incisure starting posterior to the lip region and ending almost 10 annuli from tail terminus
  •  Head rounded, set off from the body by a deep constriction with 8-9 annuli, divided into 4 sectors by longitudinal grooves. , 
  • Labial disc with hexagonal shape surrounded by cuticular ring with irregular border.
  • Stylet long with the dorsal knob slight projecting anteriorly and subventral knobs rounded.
  • Metacorpus round, isthmus short.
  • Esophageal glands overlapping dorso-ventrally, 45-60 �m long.
  • Hemizonid located 3 or 4 annuli anterior to the excretory pore.
  • Phasmids 17-35 �m from the anus.


  • Didelphic amphidelphic; ovaries outstretched, spermathecae well developed,  containing sperm.
  • Vagina without sclerotized pieces and vulval lips not protruding.
  • Tail hemispherical with crenate terminus.


  • Monorchic, testis outstretched but occasionally with flexure.
  • Spicules slightly curved, distal end pointed;
  • Gubernaculum well developed with anterior flexure and acute distal end.
  •  Bursa peloderan, enveloping the tail.
  • Phasmids 16-30 �m from the anus.


Reported median body size for this species (Length mm; width micrometers; weight micrograms) - Click:

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  Described from banyan trees (Ficus benghalensis L) in sandy soil in Veracruz, Mexico

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Economic Importance:


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    Migratory ectoparasite of plant roots. 

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For an extensive host range list for this species, click
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Life Cycle:

Ecophysiological Parameters:

For Ecophysiological Parameters for this species, click If species level data are not available, click for genus level parameters



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Host Plant Resistance, Non-hosts and Crop Rotation alternatives:

For plants reported to have some level of resistance to this species, click


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Cid Del Prado Vera, I. & Subbotin, S.A. 2012. Belonolaimus maluceroi sp. n. (Tylenchida: Belonolaimidae) from a tropical forest in Mexico and key to the species of Belonolaimus. Nematropica 42: 201-210.

Cid Del Prado Vero I. & Subbotin, S.A. 2013. Sting nematode Belonolaimus maluceroi (Tylenchida: Belonolaimidae) from Mexico [Belonolaimus maluceroi (Tylenchida: Belonolaimidae) de Mexico. Nematropica 43


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Copyright © 1999 by Howard Ferris.
Revised: January 29, 2021.