Pratylenchus coffeae (Zimmermann, 1898) Filipjev & Schuurmans Stekhovem, 1941
Reported median body size for this species (Length mm; width micrometers; weight micrograms) - Click:
India; tropics; southeastern US; Central and South America, Caribbean, Zaire..
Prevalence is increasing in Africa during the 21st century.
C-rated pest in California pending current initiatives to have it elevated to
an A rating.
The first report of P. coffeae was by Zimmerman in 1898. He
reported that the nematode was responsible for destruction of 95% of the
Coffeae arabica plantations in Java.
CDFA Interception Records for Pratylenchus coffeae in
California (Courtesy of J. Chitambar, CDFA):
1952 – 1972: Detection of P. coffeae within California is
summarized in Siddiqui, Sher, and French (1973). The nematode was found in
association with ornamentals, strawberry, cherry, and raspberry plants in 175
Nursery (land or greenhouses), 22 Urban (residential properties, golf
courses, parks), and 1 Commercial (cultivated fields and orchards)
samples collected throughout the State.
Siddiqui, Sher and French (1973) obtained much of their information from UC
Berkeley, UC Riverside and UC Davis nematode distribution records, as well as
identificaton records maintained by certain County Agricultural Commissioner
offices and the CDFA Nematology Laboratory.
1973 – 1999: P. coffeae was detected in 223 Quarantine
samples (originating outside California), 32 Nursery samples (field-grown
or greenhouses), 2 Commercial samples (cultivated fields and orchards),
and 27 Dooryard/residential samples.
Coffee, banana, citrus, and others.
Males and females present.
Causes death of coffee plants in nurseries.
3 million dollars are lost annually to damage in coffee crops
are effective; resistant rootstocks available for
Note: Citrus rootstocks resistant to Radopholus similis in
Florida are susceptible to infestation by P. coffeae.
Host Plant Resistance, Non-hosts
CIH Descriptions of Plant-parasitic Nematodes 1:6 (1972).
Siddiqui, Sher, and French (1973)
Lordello, L.G.E. 1986 Plant-parasitic nematodes that attack coffee. Pp
33-41 in Anon. Plant-parasitic nematodes of bananas, citrus, coffee,
grapes and tobacco. Union Carbide Corp.