Rev 09/15/2022

  Classification Biology and Ecology
Morphology and Anatomy Life Cycle
Return to Encholaimus Menu Ecosystem Functions and Services
Distribution Management
Return to Encholaimidae Menu Feeding  References
    Go to Nemaplex Main Menu   Go to Dictionary of Terminology



             Encholaimus Golden & Murphy, 1967
Derivation: "enchos" - spear, "laimus" - throat
 Back to Top

Morphology and Anatomy:

The tessellate cuticle of the sub-family Encholaiminae is considered unique among dorylaims.


  • Small nematodes. body 0.5-0.6 mm long
  • Cuticle tessellate with longitudinal and transeverse striations

  • Amphid apertures oval

  • Six labial papillae, six 0uter labial setae horn-like (cornuate), four smaller cephalic setae.

  • Odontostyle needle-like, odontophore with flanges.

  • Esophagus terminating in pyriform bulb

  • Tails of both sexes conical


  • Monodelphic, opisthodelphic
  • Vulva a transverse slit


  • Spicules dorylaimoid, paired; no gubernaculum
  • Two preanal supplements

Body size range for the species of this genus in the database - Click:
Encholaimus taurus Golden & Murphy, 1967

A. Female anteriot, B, Immature molting. C; cross-section female. D. Female en face, E. Male posterior.
Drawings from Golden and Murphy, 1967
Back to Top



Back to Top


Many members of the superfamily Tylencholaimoidea are considered hyphal feeders (Yeates et al, 1993).


Back to Top

Biology and Ecology:



Back to Top

Life Cycle:

For Ecophysiological Parameters for this genus, click 
Back to Top

Ecosystem Functions and Services:


Back to Top



Back to Top


Andrássy, I. 2009. Free-living Nematodes of Hungary III.  Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest. 608p.

Golden, A.M. and D.G. Murphy, 1967. Encholaimoidea (Nematoda: Dorylaimida), a new superfamily representing dorylaimid specimens with cephalic setae. Proc. Helmith Soc Washington. 34:94-98.

Yeates, G.W., T. Bongers, R. G. M. De Goede, D. W. Freckman, and S. S. Georgieva. 1993. Feeding habits in soil nematode families and genera—An outline for soil ecologists. Journal of Nematology 25:315-331.

Back to Top

Copyright  1999 by Howard Ferris.
Revised: September 15, 2022.