Aerotylenchus (Fotedar & Handoo, 1979) [Areotylenchus in
Key to the genera of the family Tylenchidae
Commonly occurring in most soils. Feed on algae, mosses, lichens and
As an example:
Soil nematodes were studied in three spruce forests in the Czech
Republic from 1988 to 1991. A total of 74 species occurred, most belonged
to the orders Tylenchida, Rhabditida
and Dorylaimida. The most
abundant nematodes were the mycophytophagous species of the family
Tylenchidae followed by bacteriophages, especially by those in
the order Rhabditida.
Probably fairly small. Most reports are about occurrence and abundance
rather than documenting any effects on growth.
Ectoparasites of plant roots, root hairs, algae, etc.
Yeates et al. (1993a) described Tylenchus as plant feeders (algal, lichen
(algal or fungal component), or moss feeders that feed by piercing), or
Yeates et al. (1993b): classified Tylenchus
spp. as "plant associated", indicating that they were found in the
rhizospheres of plants.
Wood (1973) observed seceral Tylenchus spp. feeding and
reproducing on fungi in tissue culture, but not on seedling roots.
Relatively slight, small stylets penetrating only thin cell walls.
Ferris, H., Venette, R.C., Lau, S.S. (1996), Dynamics of nematode communities
in tomatoes grown in convential and organic farming systems, and their impact on
soil fertility, Applied Soil Ecology, 3, 161-175
Bert, W. and Geraert, E. 2000. Nematode species of the order Tylenchida,
new to the Belgian nematofauna with additional morphological data.
Belgian Journal of Zoology 130:47-57.
Geraert & Raski (1987) Rev. Nematol. 10(2):143-161.
Gowen, S.R. (1970), Observations on the fecundity and longevity of Tylenchus
emarginatus on sitka spruce seedlings at different temperatures,
Nematologica, 13, 267-272
Hanel, Ladislav. 1996. Comparison of soil nematode communities in three
spruce forests Boubin Mount, Czech Republic. Biologia (Bratislava) 51.
Micoletzky, H. (1925), Die freilebenden SÃƒÂ¼sswasser- und Moornematoden DÃƒÂ¤nemarks
nebst Anhang ÃƒÂ¼ber AmÃƒÂ¶besporidien und andere Parasiten bei freilebenen
Nematoden, D. Kgl. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. Skrifter, Naurvidensk. og Mathem., ser
8, 10, 57-310
Sutherland, J.R. (1967), Parasitism of Tylenchus emarginatus on
conifer seedling roots and some observations on the biology of the nematode,
Nematologica, 13, 191-196
Thorne, G. (1961), Tylenchinae, chapter 5 in: Principles of Nematology,
McGraw-Hill Book Company Inc., New York - Toronto - London, 553 pp.
Wood, F.H. (1971), Studies on the biology of soil-dwelling nematodes from
tussock grassland, Ph.D. thesis, University of Canterbury, New Zealand, 286 pp.
Wood, F.H. 1973. Nematode feeding relationships:
Feeding relationships of soil-dwelling nematodes. Soil Riol. Biochem. 5:
Yeates, G.W., Bongers, T., Goede, R.G.M. de, Freckman, D.W., Georgieva, S.S.
(1993a), Feeding habits in soil nematode families and genera - an outline for
soil ecologists, Journal of Nematology, 25 (3): 315-331