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Ditylenchus Filip'ev, 1936
Anguillulina (Ditylenchus) (Filip'ev, 1936)
Boleodoroides (Mathur, Khan and Prasad, 1966)
Diptenchus (Khan, Chawla and Seshadri, 1969)
Safianema (Siddiqi, 1980)
Orrina (Brzeski, 1981)
Genus described in 1934, but includes
one of oldest known plant parasites: Ditylenchus dipsaci (described
as Anguillula dipsaci by Kuhn,
Ditylenchus spp. are related to the leaf and seed gall
nematodes, Anguina spp. As of 2019, there are more than
60 described species. Many are fungal feeders but some are important plant
parasites. The plant-parasitic species include
D. africanus Wendt
& Webster, 1995, D.
1913) Filipjev, 1936, D.
Liu, Janssen, Zhang, Xiao, Li, Couvreur & Bert, 2014, D.
dipsaci (KÃ¯Â¿Â½hn, 1857)
Filipjev, 1936 and D.
Troccoli, Palomares-Rius, De Luca, LiÃ¯Â¿Â½banas, Landa, Subbotin & Castillo, 2011
(Skwiercz et al., 2017)..
Short stylet. Plant-feeding species
generally have slightly longers stylet (10-14µm) than fungal-feeding
bulb with or without valve;
isthmus not separated from glandular
bulb by a constriction.
short and butting intestine esophagus, or long - when long, may overlap the
ovary directed forward, short or long, sometimes reaching esophageal
region and/or flexed; oocytes in one/two rows; columned uterus with
four rows of four cells;
post-uterine sac (PUS) present or absent.
Mature female may be slightly
Female gonad with post-uterine sac.
alae present and leptoderan, short adanal or long, but never
reaching tail end.
[Ref: Fortuner & Maggenti
ectoparasites and endoparasites of stems, bulbs, and tubers.
Obligate parasite of higher and lower
plants and/or fungi, found in soil or above ground.
Effect of clover race of Ditylenchus dipsaci
on leaves of red clover, Trifolium pratense (healthy leaf on right).
Photograph by Chris Hogger (Switzerland).
Fortuner & Maggenti, Rev. Nematol.